SUPREME NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
Iran’s Supreme National Security Council was established in 1989 by the country’s
constitution in order to protect national interests and preserve the Islamic Revolution.
According to the Constitution, the Council’s responsibilities are determining defence and
security policies, coordinating activities regarding these matters, and managing the resources
of the country to face internal and external threats. The Council holds great power by
definition as well as in practice. Its members are government officials of high importance
presided over by the President; and as a whole they answer to the Supreme Leader—a
position that has been held by Ali Khamenei since 1989.
After years of Iran’s effort for developing nuclear power—and allegedly nuclear
weapons—a pact was signed in 2015 between Iran and six worrying countries, namely, the
USA, the UK, France, Russia, China, and Germany. According to the pact named Joint
Comprehensive Plan of Action, the sanctions on Iran were eased in exchange for setting limits
on Iran’s nuclear activities. In 2017, Trump administration accused Iran of promoting
terrorism and recommended new sanctions and the cancellation of the Pact. Other parties of
the agreement did not support Trump’s decisions and stated their interest in the continuation
of the Plan. After the US eventually withdrew from the Pact in 2018, the situation only
worsened between the two countries. In 2019, the United States declared Islamic
Revolutionary Guard Corps, the most important force in Iran’s military, a terrorist group, to
which Iran responded by declaring US forces in the Middle East, the Central Command, also
a terrorist organization.
In this committee, the members of the Council will face a difficult scenario and
compelling crisis. Prepare yourself for a dystopia in which you will fight some of the world’s
biggest powers while trying to gain the trust of the others!
Agenda Item: Open Agenda
Under Secretary General: Oğuz Öğrenci
Academic Assistant: Deniz Mert Yayla