SUPREME NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

Iran’s Supreme National Security Council was established in 1989 by the country’s

constitution in order to protect national interests and preserve the Islamic Revolution.

According to the Constitution, the Council’s responsibilities are determining defence and

security policies, coordinating activities regarding these matters, and managing the resources

of the country to face internal and external threats. The Council holds great power by

definition as well as in practice. Its members are government officials of high importance

presided over by the President; and as a whole they answer to the Supreme Leader—a

position that has been held by Ali Khamenei since 1989.

After years of Iran’s effort for developing nuclear power—and allegedly nuclear

weapons—a pact was signed in 2015 between Iran and six worrying countries, namely, the

USA, the UK, France, Russia, China, and Germany. According to the pact named Joint

Comprehensive Plan of Action, the sanctions on Iran were eased in exchange for setting limits

on Iran’s nuclear activities. In 2017, Trump administration accused Iran of promoting

terrorism and recommended new sanctions and the cancellation of the Pact. Other parties of

the agreement did not support Trump’s decisions and stated their interest in the continuation

of the Plan. After the US eventually withdrew from the Pact in 2018, the situation only

worsened between the two countries. In 2019, the United States declared Islamic

Revolutionary Guard Corps, the most important force in Iran’s military, a terrorist group, to

which Iran responded by declaring US forces in the Middle East, the Central Command, also

a terrorist organization.

In this committee, the members of the Council will face a difficult scenario and

compelling crisis. Prepare yourself for a dystopia in which you will fight some of the world’s

biggest powers while trying to gain the trust of the others!

Agenda Item: Open Agenda

Under Secretary General: Oğuz Öğrenci

Academic Assistant: Deniz Mert Yayla

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